Final night time, the Canadian Senate authorised The Hashish Act, making Canada the second nation on the earth to legally regulate all features of the marijuana market – together with manufacturing, sale and consumption – following Uruguay’s historic transfer to take action in 2013. The invoice has already handed the Home of Commons and has the help of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his Liberal Celebration.
“Canada ought to be applauded for taking daring and decisive steps in direction of ending the failed prohibition of marijuana,” stated Hannah Hetzer, Senior Worldwide Coverage Supervisor for the Drug Coverage Alliance. “Canada’s progress will provoke help for drug coverage reforms within the U.S. and all around the globe.”
Invoice C-45 permits for the possession of as much as 30 grams of dried marijuana for adults over the age of 18, stipulates that marijuana should be bought in plain packaging with restricted branding, and units penalties for driving below the affect and gross sales to minors. Canada can have a decentralized mannequin, which implies that every province might be chargeable for a lot of the decision-making on regulatory implementation, together with issues comparable to dwelling cultivation, public use, and zoning.
“Canada’s decentralized system will give provinces the liberty to tailor marijuana legalization to their native wants and contexts, permitting us to check and be taught from the numerous completely different fashions that may emerge,” added Hetzer. “Canada ought to be certain that the harms of marijuana prohibition are rectified, particularly by expunging individuals’s marijuana arrest data and by investing in communities most harmed by prohibition.”
Medical marijuana has been authorized in Canada since 2001, and Prime Minister Trudeau and his Liberal Celebration included marijuana legalization of their 2015 marketing campaign platform.
Beginning with Colorado and Washington in 2012, 9 U.S. states and the District of Columbia have now legalized marijuana for grownup use. As detailed in a current DPA report, From Prohibition to Progress: A Standing Report on Marijuana Legalization, the proof to this point exhibits that legally regulating and controlling marijuana has enabled U.S. states to efficiently set security requirements, prohibit youth entry, and enact rules that restrict the potential harms of marijuana use. Constructing on these constructive outcomes, New York, New Jersey, New Mexico and quite a few different states are presently contemplating legislative proposals to legalize marijuana.